Chocolate is toxic because it contains a chemical called theobromine, as well as caffeine.
Theobromine is the predominant toxin in chocolate and is very similar to caffeine.
Both chemicals are also used medicinally as a diuretic, heart stimulant, blood vessel dilator, and a smooth muscle relaxant.
Can chocolate be poisonous to humans?
Theobromine poisoning can cause heart failure, seizures, acute kidney damage and dehydration. A lethal dosage of chocolate for a human being is about 22lb (or 40 bars of Dairy Milk). On the other hand, one Smartie would be enough to kill a robin or a blackbird.
Is there cyanide in chocolate?
The seed pit contains cyanogenic glycosides which can cause cyanide poisoning. Chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is a cardiac stimulant and a diuretic. Larger quantities of chocolate can poison or even kill a medium or large dog.
How much chocolate is poisonous?
Cardiac symptoms of chocolate toxicity occur around 40 to 50 mg/kg, and seizures occur at dosages greater than 60 mg/kg. In simpler terms, that means a very concerning dose of chocolate is approximately one ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight.
Has anyone died from eating chocolate?
That’s not enough to kill somebody. In the fact that it is almost impossible for the average human to die by chocolate consumption. “There certainly is a toxic dose of chocolate, and it can be fatal,” says Reed Caldwell, an emergency medicine physician at New York University Langone Medical Center.
What are the side effects of eating too much chocolate?
Eating large amounts might cause caffeine-related side effects such as nervousness, increased urination, sleeplessness, and a fast heartbeat. Cocoa can cause allergic skin reactions, constipation, and might trigger migraine headaches.
What happens if you eat too much chocolate?
The effect of chocolate on body weight is unclear. A concern is that excessive consumption of chocolate may promote high calorie intake and weight gain, a risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular disease.