3.2 PEA in chocolate as a result of thermal processing
Besides a number of other beneficial substances (e.g.
antioxidants), chocolate also contains trace amounts of PEA (Ziegleder et al., 1992), a result of the thermal processing and fermentation of cocoa (Granvogl et al., 2006).
Does chocolate contain phenylethylamine?
Chocolate has the highest concentration in any food of phenylethylamine, which is the chemical produced in the brain when a person is in love. Yet the role of the “chocolate amphetamine” is disputed. Cacao and chocolate bars contain a group of neuroactive alkaloids known as tetrahydro-beta-carbolines C(THbetaCs) .
Is chocolate a drug?
Chocolate has a significant amount of sugar. In addition to sugar, chocolate also has two other neuroactive drugs, caffeine and theobromine. Chocolate not only stimulates the opiate receptors in our brains, it also causes a release of neurochemicals in the brain’s pleasure centers.
What compounds are in chocolate?
Can chocolate make me happy?
- Theobromine. Theobromine (previously known as xantheose) is an alkaloid, belonging to the everyday chemistry of the plant world.
- Anandamide. Anandamide—an endogenous cannabinoid—is produced naturally in the brain but small quantities are also found in chocolate.
- Phenylethylamine (PEA)
What does phenylethylamine do to the body?
Phenylethylamine (PEA) is a hormone-like substance that occurs naturally in your brain and body. It functions as a neurotransmitter that gives you heightened focus, attention, goal-directed behavior, and task-completion.
What is phenylethylamine found in?
In mammals, phenethylamine is produced from the amino acid L-phenylalanine by the enzyme aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase via enzymatic decarboxylation. In addition to its presence in mammals, phenethylamine is found in many other organisms and foods, such as chocolate, especially after microbial fermentation.
Does chocolate keep you from sleeping?
Theobromine, which increases heart rate and causes sleeplessness, is found in small amounts in chocolate, especially dark. The National Sleep Foundation recommends avoiding chocolate — as well as coffee, tea and soft drinks — before bedtime. White chocolate does not contain any theobromine, and little if any caffeine.