Chronic consumption of a large amount of alcohol disrupts the communication between nervous, endocrine and immune system and causes hormonal disturbances that lead to profound and serious consequences at physiological and behavioral levels.
Can drinking cause hormonal imbalance?
By interfering with the hormone system, alcohol can affect blood sugar levels, impair reproductive functions, interfere with calcium metabolism and bone structure, affect hunger and digestion, and increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Does alcohol increase estrogen levels?
Alcohol can change the way a woman’s body metabolizes estrogen (how estrogen works in the body). This can cause blood estrogen levels to rise. Estrogen levels are higher in women who drink alcohol than in non-drinkers . These higher estrogen levels may in turn, increase the risk of breast cancer .
Does alcohol increase testosterone in females?
Some women report that alcohol increases sexual arousal and desire, however, some studies show alcohol lower the physiological signs of arousal. Studies have shown that acute alcohol consumption tends to cause increased levels of testosterone and estradiol.
How does alcohol affect male hormones?
Alcohol damages Leydig cells in the testes which produce and secrete testosterone. Alcohol can increase a stress hormone, called cortisol, which is known to decrease testosterone synthesis. Alcohol may increase the conversion of testosterone to estrogen in the body.